Michigan Delta-8 THC Overview >
Michigan Delta-9 THC Overview >
Delta THC is a collection of cannabinoids that occur naturally in the cannabis plant, as well as other compounds that are derived from those cannabinoids. Among the various isomers of Delta THC found in the cannabis plant, Delta 9 THC is the most abundant and is responsible for the "high feeling" typically associated with marijuana use. Delta THC functions by attaching itself to cannabinoid receptors, which are present in the nervous system and brain. Delta THC products can be used for recreational or medicinal purposes through inhalation, ingestion, topical application, and sublingual administration. In addition to Delta 9 THC, other common THC isomers that are sold as products include THCV, THC-O, THC-P, HHC, THCjd, THCh, and HHC-O.
Cannabidiol (CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. THC is the primary psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, the drug that causes users to feel "high." However, CBD does not have the same intoxication effects, hence it is categorized as non-psychotropic.
CBD and THC share similar chemical structures despite having opposite effects on users. They share 2 oxygen, 30 hydrogen, and 21 carbon atoms. The difference in their interactions with the brain's cannabinoid receptors is due to small differences in their atomic configurations. THC interacts with certain receptors in the brain to provide the high associated with cannabis use. CBD is thought to attach to brain receptors differently than THC, though this claim is still being researched.
Hemp and marijuana both contain both CBD and THC. In contrast to the high THC concentration of marijuana, the CBD content in marijuana is low. However, hemp plants contain high concentration levels of CBD but low THC levels. Hemp, as defined by the 2018 Farm Bill, is cannabis with less than 0.3% THC. Hence, hemp is the primary source for CBD products, whereas marijuana is the source of products with high concentrations of THC.
Some of the medical uses of THC include its use in the treatment of the following conditions:
CBD can be used in treating:
Chronic intestinal inflammation
Mental illness and psychosis
Since both CBD and THC are fat-soluble, they can be stored in adipose tissue. This means that drug tests can detect them in the body weeks after use. Most drug tests are intended to detect THC, as CBD is more difficult to detect. However, CBD may show up on some drug tests because of the presence of trace amounts of THC in many CBD products.
Delta 8 THC is a psychoactive compound similar to Delta 9 THC but less potent. It can produce a mild high and has reported effects such as relaxation, pain relief, and reduced anxiety. Delta 8 is less potent than Delta 9 THC, but its potency may vary depending on the product and individual use. Some potential benefits of Delta 8 include reduced nausea and vomiting, increased appetite, and improved sleep. Its side effects include dry mouth, red eyes, and increased heart rate. Delta 8 THC may show up on a drug test, and it can stay in your system for several weeks after use, depending on the testing method used.
Delta 8 THC is legal in Michigan pursuant to HB 4744, which is premised on the 2018 Farm Bill. Both measures legalized Delta 8 THC, containing up to 0.3% Delta 9 THC. There are no restrictions on which forms of Delta 8 products may be sold in the state. Users of Delta 8 THC can find Delta 8 products in the form of vapes, tinctures, edibles, gummies, oil, and topicals.
In Michigan, purchasing Delta 8 products from unlicensed Delta 8 brands either online or through physical retail stores is prohibited by state law. The state chose this stance owing to the prevailing public health concerns and the imperative to subject intoxicating cannabis compounds to thorough testing. Consequently, the purchase of Delta 8 products is only allowed through licensed, state-regulated marijuana dispensaries, regardless of whether the product is derived from hemp or cannabis.
Delta 9 is a psychoactive compound found in cannabis that is responsible for the plant's intoxicating effects, commonly known as getting "high." Its effects include euphoria, relaxation, altered perception, and increased appetite. Delta 9 THC can show up on a drug test and stay in your system for up to 90 days, depending on the testing method used. Although it is generally considered safe, it can have adverse effects such as dry mouth, red eyes, impaired coordination, and increased heart rate.
Both hemp-derived and cannabis-derived Delta 9 THC products are legal in Michigan. Users of Delta 9 THC can find various forms of its products, including edibles and gummies, at licensed marijuana dispensaries in the state.
Michigan allows purchasing and using Delta 9 THC products for medical and recreational purposes. However, there are certain limitations on the amount of Delta 9 THC that individuals can possess and purchase. For recreational users, the legal limit is 2.5 ounces of marijuana or its equivalents. Medical marijuana patients can have up to 10 ounces of Delta 9 THC products.
Michigan residents can readily obtain Delta 9 THC products through licensed, state-regulated marijuana dispensaries. Purchasing Delta 9 THC products from unlicensed sources, including online or out-of-state sources, is illegal. Additionally, it is not legal to transport Delta 9 THC products across state lines, even if the products are legal in both states.
Delta 9 THC products are generally safe to use but users may experience some adverse effects depending on factors, such dosage and individual tolerance. Some potential side effects of Delta 9 THC include dry mouth, red eyes, impaired memory and coordination, increased heart rate, and anxiety or paranoia in high doses.
Delta 10 THC is a type of cannabinoid that is derived from the cannabis plant. Unlike Delta 9 THC, Delta 10 is typically less potent. Manufacturers usually extract Delta 10 THC from hemp-derived CBD, which makes it legal at the federal level.
To produce Delta 10 THC, manufacturers must first extract oil from the cannabis plant and then refine the oil to obtain the Delta 10 THC compound. The chemical structure of Delta 10 THC is similar to that of the sativa strain of cannabis, but its production process is complex.
Although the potency of Delta 10 THC can vary, it is generally less potent than Delta 9 THC and Delta 8 THC, making it suitable for recreational use. Anecdotal reports suggest Delta 10 does not cause the anxiety and paranoia commonly associated with other forms of THC.
Delta 10 is safe for consumption; however, because chemicals are used in the extraction process, it is advised to consume only Delta 10 products tested at accredited laboratories to guarantee that they have been purified of all chemicals and contaminants. Authentic Delta 10 products often have QR codes that demonstrate to customers that the products have been tested and certified safe for use.
Like other THC isomers, Delta 10 is legal and regulated in Michigan. Per state law enacted in 2021, all THC isomers, including Delta 10, are regulated under the administration of the Michigan Marijuana Regulatory Agency. Under the regulatory framework of the Michigan MRA, it is illegal for any vendor or manufacturer to sell, distribute, or manufacture Delta 8 THC products without applying for and obtaining proper licensing from the MRA. Therefore, Delta 10 consumers in Michigan can only legally purchase Delta 10 THC products at Michigan MRA-licensed dispensaries.